A few days ago the Washington Post published the article: As the poor join protests, Venezuela may be hitting a turning point.
The following passage highlights the fact that social and economic scales are inextricably intertwined:
The thousands of demonstrators pouring into the streets in recent weeks are mostly middle class, outraged by Venezuela’s economic collapse and the government’s increasingly authoritarian rule. But Venezuelans from longtime chavista strongholds are starting to join them, at considerable risk. Residents of Castillo’s neighborhood protested openly against Maduro for the first time last week.
Pro-government block captains in neighborhoods like El Guarataro have responded by threatening to deny food rations to those who march with the opposition or fail to join pro-Maduro rallies. Militia groups armed by the government and known as “colectivos” are deployed to intimidate would-be defectors and are suspected in the deaths of several protesters.
If people decide to turn out and protest the regime, it’s supporters will cut their food supply. Thus their social desires are held hostage to their economic needs.